Basic Introduction about Web Technologies

Web technology is a term referring to multimedia packs which can be employed in conjunction to create web sites like this one and languages. Each technology will require one other such technology’s use and is restricted. We can conclude that the components that make up a site all are interdependent on one another.

Without trying to teach anybody how this manual is meant to introduce the newcomer to every one of those technologies. Check our links section to get websites that are useful, if you would like to examine web design farther.

HTML: almost virtually any Internet Site’s Foundation.

HTML (Hyper Text Mark-up Language) is the glue which holds together every internet site. You construct a foundation, like building a home. HTML is the base. HTML is an open source speech (i.e. not possessed by anybody), which is not difficult to learn, and needs no more elaborate (or expensive! ) ) Packs to begin with it. All you will need is something to sort with, for example, Windows Notepad, and also a great deal of patience and time.

HTML functions on a ‘label’ system, in which the material is effected by every label.
It is although confined alone. Like your house’s base, HTML is strong enough to help many types of languages.


DHTML (Dynamic HTML) is as its name implies it provides lively, shifting or moving content to old HTML pages. Though DTHML is actually not a programming language on its own Consider it as a variant of HTML. DHTML is the primary ones are explained below:

JavaScript: JavaScript is a ‘scripting’ language. Just like a script at a feature movie, it’s utilized to determine ‘what happens next’. This might be a succession of display events, in which a single event is initiated at the conclusion of the other, or it might be a programmed reaction to an individual interacting with the webpage in some manner, e.g. transferring their mouse over a hyperlink. JavaScript is an effective and complicated language and might be placed within an HTML page, or within a separate JavaScript file.

CSS and CSS-P: CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a relatively new language, made to extend the restricted personality attributes of HTML. Simple to understand and execute, CSS is a great approach to control your site’s type, for example, text styles including font, color, and dimensions.

CSS might be put within the HTML page or from files. The benefit of getting all the design properties for your website in one CSS document is you might edit that file to influence changes on the website, rather. It is one of my favorites and the most valuable internet technology.

CSS-P (CSS-Positioning) is a subset of both CSS and is concerned primarily with the design of the HTML pages. It allows the web designer to automatically set any part (text, images, etc.) just on the display where they need it, to this pixel.

DOM: DOM (Document Object Model) allows the programmer to get an element within an HTML page, including an image, table or layer. Each component could be assigned a specific ‘identification’ title.

When coupled using CSS and JavaScript, the DOM could be used to make alterations to just “My Label” and no additional component, like raising the text size and also the location of “My Label” onto the monitor. JavaScript might be utilized to some component that was identified to modifications, like gradually increasing the dimensions of their text onto the monitor.

Each browser gets its own DOM, and it is utilized to ascertain which browser the customer is using. Actions could be performed when the man is currently utilizing NS6, as an instance, and dismissed if the individual is using IE5.


Unlike each the aforementioned mentioned technologies, Flash isn’t an open source technology. Macromedia owns flash, and the program needed to create content is produced by them. Additional an internet browser by itself won’t display Flash articles, a ‘plugin’ has to be downloaded (for free) and set up from the visitor to your website before they could see it correctly. All these plug-ins (mini-applications) should also be upgraded to make sure they can exhibit the maximum up-to-date Flash articles on the internet.

There are advantages while I have talked about the downsides of Flash. Flash is one of the multimedia packs that are real for the Web, offering support for audio, movie, animation, and internet site encounter that is impressive. The sole shame about Flash is that it might never turn into technology, that is a shame. That isn’t to mention that it is future isn’t bright, with internet designers quoting Flash, as well as net users using the plug-in set up.

The Backend: Perl and CGI

If you are going to forgive me for ongoing with the home analogy; even if HTML creates the basis of the home, together with the numerous tastes of DHTML and Flash forming the construction of the home above floor (the pieces you visit), then CGI (Common Gateway Interface) will shape the operational workings elements of the home which you cannot see like the plumbing, electric wiring, and heating.

Thus CGI is worried about all the elements of your internet site, which might include internet statistics tools or hit counters, type chips. There are several distinct languages which could be termed as ‘CGI’. Perl is the language to incorporating purpose of choice. HTML, DHTML, and Flash are for controlling the appearance and presentation of your website good, however, Perl is required to conduct its mechanisms from the scenes.

We can distinguish between the demonstration (the little the customer sees) and also the operational (the little they do not see) portions of a website utilizing the phrases ‘front-end’ and also ‘backend’ respectively. Perl is frequently known as technologies. It functions on the server which hosts your website the inside a visitor’s browser window.

The Future: XML and SVG.

The disposition of internet technology is continually changing to meet the requirements of web designers and internet users. It’s tough to forecast with any precision what’s going to fade into obscurity, and what’s going to become the standard in future improvements. The choices for future improvements lay using the World Wide Web Consortium. The W3C lays down guidelines to browser developers like Microsoft and Netscape to trace at a bid to improve service for technology.

In addition to being in charge of HTML and CSS, the W3C is also creating a possible competitor for Flash, SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). SVG is in its infancy, but once done while still owning a lot of its qualities that are versatile, it’s going to offer an alternative to Flash to internet designers. Like CSS and HTML, SVG will soon be an open source benchmark with nobody possessing exclusive rights to create the bundles. Presently, it is not supported by any browser, and also a plugin from Adobe is required to conduct websites. Together with the W3C supporting it this scenario is anticipated to alter, and SVG is guaranteed to become commonplace.

XML (Extensible Mark-up Speech) was around a bit more than SVG. It is challenging to specify, however, and its usage is in its first phases. When HTML is a ‘mark-up’ speech, XML is a language which permits you to make your personal ‘mark-up’ languages. In fundamental terms, this permits you to style your own tags to substitute the quantity that HTML has to offer you. In concept, this might indicate that a quantity of consumer mark-up languages, however, that could create issues that are obvious such as the compatibility of selection. At present the newest browsers provide you support for XML, and its usage is restricted to interacting.